Sage is a culinary & medicinal herb that has a very distinct flavour and smell. It is a member of the mint family and is the largest genus (Salvia) having nearly 1000 species! This makes it very easy to find a Salvia plant no matter the season. Common sage is known as Salvia officinalis. Its consumption helps with digestion, colds, sweats and infections.
Sage is a perennial, evergreen herb and it likes the sun. It needs well-drained soil (so do NOT overwater it) and is easy to propagate from cuttings. Once placed in a new pot and watered, the cutting will grow roots (this usually takes up to 4 – 6 weeks). As soon as you see roots you must plant them in soil. Unlike other herbs, sage tastes based dried and is usually accompanied by rosemary and carrot, which helps in detering carrot fly.
1. Related to common mint, but an Australian local version.
2. Used by Aborigines for medicinal purposes
3. Embraced by the early settlers and added to their roast meats.
4. Tea is good for easing the effects of colds
5. Crushed leaves sniffed to relieve headaches
6. Can also be rubbed on the skin for a repellent effect
7. Great plant for a 'boggy' or waterlogged area in your garden! Likes moist soil.
8. Sun or part shade
10. Super easy to propagate! From a cutting or runner.
11. Suggest growing in a pot due to vigorous nature and tendency to spread.
12. Cut back hard when it gets leggy. Will bounce back!
1. Hardy perennial
2. Super easy to grow!
3. Grow in pots due to vigorous nature and tendency to spread
4. Full sun or part shade
5. Cut back hard when it gets leggy
6. Good for pesto or in tea
7. Medicinal uses: anti-inflamatory properties, antiseptic, antibacterial, eases digestion, helps with stomach issues, mouth wash, chewing leaves can alleviate flatulence.
8. Smells a bit like basil!
1.Used extensively in Thai, Cambodia and Laos Dishes
2. A good mosquito Repellent
3. Good for colds
Companion plant for lemongrass:
Coriander, basil, thyme, mint, lemon verbena(pretty much all the plants in the garden!)
Lemongrass and ginger herbal tea benefits:
- Reducing inflammation
- Both high in antioxidants
- Possible cancer prevention
Lemongrass cutting and propagation can be done both from the supermarket ones and the your existing lemongrass in the garden.
Follow those steps:
- Use a knife, cut away the top part of a lemongrass and only leave the nice short bases (about 8-10cms).
- Then remove the first outer later, also remove the harden and corky part near the root (you should feel slightly damp after the cut).
- Get a glass jar, fill water only until 1/3 of the height of the stem. And then put the stem in. You could bundle up the lemongrasses if you’re doing multiple cuttings.
- Leave the glass jar in a warm and sunny spot, possibly on the window sill.
- Only top up water if it is not enough or change the water if bad smell comes out of the jar/root start to rot.
- The root system will develop by itself in the water, ranging from one weeks to four weeks. Vegetative growth will also be seen from the centre of the stem.
- Transfer the plants to a pot/garden bed after the root system develops. If you’re planting them in Melbourne, you do need to let them stay in a warm place and only transfer them until spring comes.
- They’ll be ready to harvest in 4-6 months.
- When harvest, just twist and pull the stalk.
Ginger is a tropical plant with many benefits. Cuttings can be taken from the rhizome, not roots or leaves.
Ginger grows in a well-watered, well-drained and loose soil. The best condition is full sun or part shade. It can grow both in a big container or a garden bed. Ginger loves fish emulsion, loves compost.
Ginger are best planted in Spring, they takes 5 months to 1 year to harvest depends on climate conditions. In the case of Melbourne weather, it is recommended to keep them in a glasshouse/sunny indoor spot until weather gets really warm.
Steps to follow to propagate ginger:
- First take a block of ginger harvested from your garden or bought from the grocery place.
- Identify the lumps/nodes on the block. These are where the new growth will be from!
- Gently divide the block into small pieces such that each piece will have at least one lump/node on it.
- Prepare soil and container/garden bed. Put the pieces into soil, with 20cms apart. Make sure that the lumps/nodes stay upright.
- Leaves, stems and roots will grow from the rhizome.
Recipes we used:
- Lemongrass and Ginger-still the winner, smells & taste the best
- River mint, basil mint in the ratio 1:1 plus a hint of honey-tastes minty but good!
- Sage plus a hint of honey-Very sagey but the strongness can be milder with honey